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Normal-Prozeduren

Um die Checklisten auch für nicht deutschsprachige Nutzer lesbar zu machen, stehen sie nur in engllscher Sprache zur Verfügung

Pre-Start Check

Overhead Panel:
All switchesOFF or NORM
Instrument Panel:
All switchesOFF or NORM
BAT MSTR switchON; CPDS internal test starts
NOTEDo not switch off CPDS during or after flight
CADCheck no INP FAIL message
NOTEIf INP FAIL appears in conjunction with the appropriate caution(s), this caution(s) will not be provided during flight. Abort pre-start check.
Overhead Panel:
FIRE EW 1 test switchEXT/WARN
    CADFIRE EXT and FIRE E TST must come on (system I)
    Warning PanelFIRE I must come on
FIRE EW 1 test switchOFF
FIRE EW 2 test switchEXT/WARN
    CADFIRE EXT and FIRE E TST must come on (system II)
    Warning PanelFIRE II must come on
FIRE EW 2 test switchOFF
CDS/WARN UNIT TEST swWARN UNIT (all warning lights and gong must come on)
CDS/WARN UNIT TEST swCPDS: Check display self test
Fuel XFER pumps (AFT and FWD)ON; Check caution (F PUMP AFT/FWD) off
Fuel XFER pumps (AFT and FWD)OFF
Both fuel PRIME pumpsON and check cautions coming on
A-COLL light swON
Instrument Panel:
CAD & VEMD brightnessAdjust as required
VEMDDC voltage: minimum 24V DC
CAD fuel quantity indicationCheck quantity
FADEC sw I then IION
Check following cautions:
- TRAINING
- ENG MANUAL
- DEGRADE
- REDUND
Cyclic Stick:
TRIM REL swPress

Starting Engines

Before starting engines
Rotor areaClear
Abort start procedure

IMMEDIATELY ABORT START FOR ANY OF THE FOLLOWING:

IF IGNITION DOES NOT TAKE PLACE AFTER REACHING OF N1 = 20% BUT LAT-EST AFTER 15 SECONDS. WAIT FOR 30 SECONDS BEFORE TRYING STARTING AGAIN.

TOT RISES ABNORMALLY RAPIDLY ABOVE 650°C AND IS QUICKLY APPROACH-ING 760°C.

IF ENGINE HANGS. (Stagnation in N1 below 54%)

NO POSITIVE ENGINE OR TRANSMISSION OIL PRESSURE INDICATIONS UPON REACHING GROUND IDLE CONDITION.

IF N1 OR N2 INCREASE BEYOND ENGINE LIMITS.

ENG MAIN sw(s)OFF
Starting first engine
NOTEEither engine may be started first
First Limit IndicatorCheck needle shows TOT
ENG MAIN sw first engineIDLE, simultaneously start clock
Monitor:
- N1 increase
- TOT rise (≈ 570 °C); note that FLI needle moves not until ≈ 350 °C.
- Engine oil pressure
- N2 and NRO increase
Ground IDLECheck N2 ≈ 74%
HYDRAULIC Check:
TRIM REL sw (on cyclic stick)Press
Cyclic stickUnlock
HYD test swSYS 1
Check caution indication HYD PRESS (System 2)
SYS 2
Check caution indication HYD PRESS (System 1)
NORM
Starting second engine
First Limit IndicatorCheck needle shows TOT
ENG MAIN sw second engineIDLE, simultaneously start clock
Monitor:
- N1 increase
- TOT rise (≈ 570 °C); note that FLI needle moves not until ≈ 350 °C.
- Engine oil pressure
- N2 increase
When IDLE speed of N2 ≈ 74% is reached:
Both Fuel XFER pumpsON
Both Fuel PRIME pumpsOFF
INVERTER swON
AVIONIC MASTER switchesON
InstrumentsSet and check
Both ENG MAIN switchesFLIGHT
After rotor RPM has stbilized:
Both ENG MAIN switch guardsClose
Engine quick start procedure
INVERTER sw ON
TRIM REL sw (on cyclic stick)Press
Cyclic stickUnlock and hold in neutral pos.
NOTEOnly one engine will begin starting cycle. After reaching N1 ≈ 50%, the second engine will begin its starting cycle automatically.
First Limit IndicatorCheck needle shows TOT
Both ENG MAIN sw’sFLIGHT, simultaneously start clock
Monitor:
- N1 increase
- TOT rise (≈ 570 °C); note that FLI needle moves not until ≈ 350 °C.
- Engine oil pressure
- N2 and NRO increase
When N2 > 74% at both engines:
Both Fuel XFER pumpsON
Both Fuel PRIME pumpsOFF
AVIONIC MASTER switchesON
When both engines in Flight idle:
InstrumentsSet and check
HYDRAULIC Check:
HYD test swSYS 1
Check caution indication HYD PRESS (System 2)
SYS 2
Check caution indication HYD PRESS (System 1)
NORM

System checks

Miscellaneous Checks
Optional equipment checksAs required
SAS Check
SAS / AP CUT push-buttonPress
Check CAUTION indication:
YAW SAS
P/R SAS
SAS Y RST switchReset YAW
SAS PR RST switchReset P/R
AFCS Test (when AFCS is intended to be operated in A.TRIM mode)
TEST button Press to initiate system test
Warning panelAP/A.TRIM appears
CADDuring test the following cautions appear:
- AUTOPILOT
- TRIM
- ACTUATION
- P/R SAS
- GYRO
- DECOUPLE
- YAW SAS
- P DAMPER
PFD/ YR / P / flashing
Cyclic stickCheck motion during trim test
If system test was successful (lamp of the test button out):
CADAll autopilot relevant cautions disappear
AP buttonPress to engage the autopilot (OFF lamp of the AP button goes off)

Pre-Takeoff Check

NRO / N2Check ≈ 80 %
All WARNING, CAD & VEMD indicationsCheck
All doorsClosed
Collective pitchUnlock

Takeoff

NOTEIf AFCS is engaged, it is required to override the autopilot temporarily during takeoff procedure by using the Force Trim Release button. Alternatively A.TRIM mode can be deactivated while lifting off. Autopilot then operates in SAS mode.
Cyclic stickPerform small input; check start-ing triangles disappeared
Hover flightPerform
NRO / N2 Check ≈ 100 %
FLI needlesCheck matched at same parameter
All WARNING, CAD & VEMD indicationsCheck
Recommended takeoff procedure:
Acceleration and climbStart nose down pitch rotation and simultaneously increase power smoothly so that the heli-copter gains speed and height.
When reaching 50 KIASMaintain airspeed until reaching 50ft AGL, then accelerate to VY (65 kt) and climb through 100ft AGL

Pre-Landing Check

NOTEIf AFCS is engaged, it is required to override the autopilot temporarily during takeoff procedure by using the Force Trim Release button. Alternatively A.TRIM mode can be deactivated while lifting off. Autopilot then operates in SAS mode.
All instrumentsCheck
All WARNING, CAD & VEMD indicationsCheck

Landing

Recommended landing procedure:
After reaching 50 ft AGLDescent with ≤ 500 ft/min at 40 KIAS
Before touchdownEstablish flare attitude to reduce ground speed and raise collec-tive lever to cushion landing
TouchdownEstablish with zero groundspeed
Cyclic stickNeutral
Collective pitchLock

Engine Shutdown

ENG I / II main switchesIDLE
Inverter swOFF
Avionic Master switchesOFF
STBY/HOR sw (if installed)OFF
Fuel XFER F + A pumpsOFF
All electrical consumersOFF; except anti-collision light and FADEC sw
Cyclic stickLock
ENG I/II main switchesOFF
Engine parametersMonitor
When rotor has stopped:
Anti-collision lightOFF
VEMDCheck FLIGHT REPORT page for counter cycles and exceeded mast moment limitations.
FADEC switches (2)OFF
BAT MSTR switchOFF

Die Partner von rotorsim

microHelis

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simparts.de

Die Hardware fürs Homecockpit. Die Instrumente von simparts sind von außergewöhnlicher Qualität. Das komplette Programm für ein EC135-Cockpit ist verfügbar. Und alles quasi Plug & Play mit unserer EC 135 Pro. 

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 Das ultimative Flugerlebnis in einem EC 135 Full Flight Simulator. Voll instrumentiert, Motion-Plattform, sensationelle Projektion. In Attikon in der Schweiz kommen Anfänger ebenso auf ihre Kosten wie Flugschüler und Profis.